Friday, January 13, 2012

indian studies | Education in india | studies in india

 Education In India

Education in India is provided by the public sector as well as the private sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: federal, state, and local. Child education is compulsory. The Nalanda University was the oldest university-system of education in the world Western education became ingrained into Indian society with the establishment of the British Raj.

Education in India falls under the control of both the Union Government and the states, with some responsibilities lying with the Union and the states having autonomy for others. The various articles of the Indian Constitution provide for education as a fundamental right. Most universities in India are controlled by the Union or the State Government.

India has made progress in terms of increasing primary education attendance rate and expanding literacy to approximately two thirds of the population. India's improved education system is often cited as one of the main contributors to the economic rise of India. Much of the progress especially in Higher education, Scientific research has been credited to various public institutions. The private education market in India is merely 5%[citation needed] although in terms of value is estimated to be worth $40 billion in 2008 and will increase to $68 billion by 2012

    * India has one of the largest numbers of higher education institutions in the world comprising at least 490 universities and 20,769 colleges.
    * But the quality is low and many graduate skills are so poor they are unemployable.
    * More than 160,000 students leave Indian shores annually to study at universities abroad.
    * Educational institutions have made a foray into India, but their involvement has been limited.
    * There are at least 100 foreign educational institutions offering programmes in the country, but most are vocational or technical.
    * The Cabinet recently approved a Bill that seeks to allow foreign university campuses in India. The Bill is to be tabled in Parliament this month.
    * The move will open a huge market but foreign universities will have to adhere to some guidelines.
    * Foreign institutes will need to deposit Rs.50 crores as corpus fund.
    * Each institute will have to be registered with the University Grants Commission or any regulatory body.
    * The government will have the right to reject application of any foreign university on grounds of ‘national security’.
    * Foreign institutes will not be able to take the profits back. They will be liable to spend it on further expansion.
    * No ‘quota’ law will be applicable to foreign universities setting up campuses in India.
    * Institutes will have to submit details of fees charged, syllabi and teachers salaries to the regulator.

Top Educational Institutes in India

Education in India is imparted in different fields of education. Given below are names of top educational institutes that are regarded the best in their own capacity.

Field of Education                  :                      Names of top colleges
Arts   

St Stephen’s College Delhi
Presidency College Kolkata
St Xavier’s Kolkata
Christian College Chennai
St Xavier’s Mumbai
St Joseph Bangalore
Loyola Chennai
Presidency Chennai
Brabourne Kolkata
Ferguson Pune
Science   
St Stephen’s Delhi
Presidency Kolkata
St Xavier’s Mumbai
Presidency Chennai
LSR Delhi
Hindu Delhi
MT Carmel Bangalore
St Joseph Bangalore
Commerce   
Sri Ram College of Commerce Delhi
Loyola Chennai
St Joseph Bangalore
St Xavier’s Kolkata
Podar Mumbai
Ravenshaw Cuttack
Ruparel Mumbai
Christian College Chennai
Law   
National law School of India University Bangalore
NUJS Kolkata
University Law College Bangalore University
Army Institute of Law Mohali
Symbiosis Law College Pune
Engineering   
IIT Kanpur
IIT Delhi
IIT Chennai
IIT Kharagpur
BITS Pilani
Roorkee Engineering College
REC Surathkal
VJTI Mumbai
Jadavpur University Kolkata
Medicine 
   All India Institute of Medical Sciences Delhi
CMC Vellore
JIPMER Pondicherry
KEM Mumbai
Kasturba Medical College
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